Clean up | Restoration services:
The concept of restoration is as definedClean up | Restoration servicesClean up | Restoration servicesarticle IX of the Charter of the Venice Conference of ECOMOS/ 1964.
It is a highly technical specialized process designed to protect and detect the aesthetic and historical value of buildings. That process is based on respect for the original material and true documents. The additional work that needs to be done must be distinct from the original architectural composition and modern in nature, with the restoration being carried out through archaeological and historical studies of the building prior to the restoration.
Restoration processes are based on all the sciences surrounding life, including chemistry, geology, biology, architecture, engineering and other sciences that directly serve human reality and civilization.
Clean up | Restoration services
The preservation of the architectural structure of heritage buildings is one of the most important manifestations of human civilization. The restoration process is concerned with its complementary part, namely the preservation of the structural structure and the exterior and interior, based on research and techniques that give the integrity of the blocks and structures of the buildings and extend to their partial details.
The process of restoration is therefore an area in which different sciences and disciplines overlap with the participation of other specialists in other sciences to form a concept surrounding the structure and a distinct briefing that leads to another concept: preservation.
The restoration is the concept of preserving the building and its components and extends the title of preserving the inclusiveness of all the content of all buildings. Heritage buildings essentially require a restoration and maintenance programme to preserve and protect their cultural character.
According to the following curriculum:
1) Recourse to all scientific methods and modern techniques by involving various sciences that contribute to the study and protection of heritage buildings.
2) Define the objective of the restoration work and keep Sha from providing the correct vision of the architectural structure that existed according to historical evidence and heritage documentation.
3) Restoration and preservation of heritage buildings must be carried out in accordance with the principle of permanent conservation.
4) To perform all permitted work within the limits of entries and modifications without creating any variable in the performance of the job.
5) The relationship between mass and shape does not change in case of need for partial removal or modification.
6) Work using a method to ensure the preservation of parts bearing the image of heritage and cannot be segmented from the total structure
7) Pursue a highly specialized approach to achieve the goal of preserving the aesthetic and historical value in accordance with the principle of respect for the asset.
8) Replacement of missing parts must be according to historical heritage evidence and harmony identical to the original.
9) Maintain the construction construction balance of the heritage building while allowing additions only to the extent that complements the interconnectedness of the parts.
10) Adopt permanent accurate documentation simultaneously with each stage of work.
This approach secures the shared responsibility of employing the maintenance and restoration program in the service of the architectural heritage and ensures the integrity of its inheritance for future generations in an integrated richness of its inherited entity. The 1931 Athens and 1964 Conferences agree
Architectural restoration Clean up | Restoration services:
Architectural restoration is a therapeutic approach and a special philosophy in the field of architectural preservation of buildings. Restoration is different from preserving by allowing the removal of certain historical materials to accurately visualize a given period of time, not necessarily the original or final periods of the building’s life.
Examples of architectural restoration:
The United States Department of Interior has defined a therapeutic approach to architectural design as”focusing on the retention of original materials from the most important time in the history of ownership, while allowing the removal of materials from other periods. The limited and sensitive modernization of mechanical, electrical, sanitation and other works is appropriate and required to make the functional characteristics of the building suitable under the restoration project. ” Thus, architectural restoration is one of four therapeutic approaches in addition to conservation, rehabilitation and reconstruction.
An individual engaged in this field is known as an architectural restorer, who relies on his decision to intervene by restoring value, as a set of artistic, political and media values are usually viewed. In some cases, the decision not to intervene may be an appropriate option.
Restoration of the Old City after the Lebanese Civil War.
Restoration thought emerged in the 19th century as an intellectual school within the built environment in which its historical buildings are allowed to be improved, and sometimes complemented by current materials, designs and techniques. Thus, it is very similar to the theory of modernity, except that it does not call for the destruction of ancient installations. French architect Eugene Violet Le Dock is one of the most ardent supporters of this school of thought at the time
Restoration of manuscripts
Definition of Clean up | Restoration services:
It is a delicate artistic process through which archaeological materials are returned to their condition or given the form closest to their origin without damaged or forged additives.
It can also be said that restoration is a remedy for the affected effect of cracks, fractures, crumbles and holes, and other injuries that can be caused by all the factors surrounding this effect.
Types of restoration:
There are two types of restoration: manual restoration and automatic restoration.
1 Manual restoration: It is a manual process that needs a lot of patience as well as high experience and accuracy. The restorer repairs different damage using some tools such as condition, tongs, light box. This restoration is more accurate and safer in maintaining manuscripts.
This method is used to restore rare old manuscripts and precious documents.
2 Automatic restoration:
This rehabilitation is widely used in the area of repairing publications (books, periodicals, maps, etc.). Narrowly restoring manuscripts has two ways:
a. Restoration using water-blended paper paste:
This method is a special device called automatic restoration device which is the core axis of the automatic restoration system in addition to the paper paste that is prepared before the restoration process begins.
Restoration, strengthening and individual by thermal reinforcement:
This method depends on the use of heat and pressure to combine cellulosic chips with the manuscript sheet, under medium pressure and a temperature of 50 ° C. The chips adhere to the sheet and gain protection and durability.
– Imaging the manuscript before the restoration process begins.
– Except for the restoration file, which contains multiple fields related to the nature and placement of the papers, the title of the manuscript, the author’s name, the source of the manuscript, the date of receipt, its sizes and number of pages, the type of sewing and knitting, the type of damage, its injuries and the materials used in its sterilization….. etc.
– Perform sterilization if the tests test positive for the manuscript.
Clean up | Restoration services Cleaning:
Dry cleaning: All solid obstacles on the surface of manuscripts and books such as dust, soil and insect excrement are disposed of. They are disposed of using the initial processing device while the insect waste is removed with a scrape using the restoration scalpel.