Technical

Pest control and what are its types?

Pest control:

Pest control with at least the foot of agriculture, as there has always been a need to keep crops safe from pests. Since 3000 BC. M.L. ‘ In Egypt, cats were used to combat pests of cereal stores such as rodents. By 500 A.D., lender son animals were raised in Europe to be used to eliminate mice. Samurites were introduced into homes to combat rodents and snakes, most likely by ancient Egyptians.

The traditional method was probably the first to apply, since it is relatively easy to eliminate weeds by burning them or ploughing the earth over them, as well as killing rival large animals from plant eaters. For methods such as crop rotation, accompanying crop cultivation (also known as reciprocal crop cultivation or mixed crop cultivation), artificial selection of pest-resistant plants has a long history.

Chemical pesticides were first used around 2500 BC. M.L. ‘ Sumerians used sulphur compounds as insecticides. Contemporary pest control has spurred the spread of Colorado potato beetle throughout the United States of America. After much discussion, arsenic compounds were used to combat the beetle and humans were not poisoned as expected. This has opened the way for widespread acceptance of insecticides on the continent. With the industrial and mechanical transformation of agriculture in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the entry of pesticides of pyrethrum and insect diris, chemical control of pests has become widespread. In the twentieth century, the discovery of several synthetic insecticides — dual-chloroethane dichloroethane (DDT), and herbicides — reinforced this evolution.

The first recorded case of biological control was at about 300 m. In China, colonies of weaving ants have intentionally placed emerald dwelling oikovila samaragdina in citrus fields to combat beetles and cataract insects. Also in China, use ducks in rice fields to feed on pests, as shown in old cave drawings. In 1762, an Indian minebird was brought to Mauritius to combat locusts, and at the same time, Burma’s citrus trees arrived with bamboo plants to allow ants to pass between them to help combat the accelerant. In the 1880s, ladybirds were used in California’s citrus fields to fight cortical insects, followed 

Custom methods for specific pests

Natural Rodent Control

Several wildlife rehabilitation organizations encourage the natural form of rodent control by excluding and supporting predators and preventing all secondary poisoning. In its proposed risk mitigation decision for nine rodents, the United States Environmental Protection Agency states that “without modifying the natural dwelling to make the areas less attractive to cohabiting rodents, even eliminating them will not prevent new groups from recolonizing the dwelling”. The United States Environmental Protection Agency has developed guidance for rodent natural control and for placing safe traps in residential areas with later release into the wild. Sometimes people try to reduce rodent damage by using repellents. Balsamic fir oil extracted from balsamic saucepan toxic repellent for rodents is licensed by EPA. Campilacantha root, a multi-thorn acacia species, emits chemical compounds that expel animals, including .[]

Food pests

Insect pests – including Mediterranean flour moth, Indian wheat moth, cigarette beetle, pharmacy beetle, confused flour beetle, red flour beetle, merchant beetle, tooth sawdust beetle, wheat mousse, corn mousse, dry food stored such as flour, cereal and pasta. 

In homes, foods infected with insects are usually thrown into waste, and storing such products in sealed cases should prevent the problem from happening again. The eggs of these insects are likely not to be noticed, the larvae are the most destructive stage of insect life, and the most visible stage of puberty. Since it is not safe to use insecticides near foods, alternative treatments such as freezing for four days at 0 ° F (-18 ° C) or baking for half an hour at 130 ° F (54 ° C) will kill any existing insects. [6]

Clothing moth

Garment moth larvae feed on tissues and carpets, specifically stored or dirty ones. Adult females place bags of eggs on natural tissue, including wool, silk and fur, as well as cotton, linen and compositions. Developing larvae knit protective nets and eat weaving, making holes and spots of their litter. The damage is often anchored i

Carpet Beetles

Carpet beetles are from the family of skin beetles, while adult beetles feed on nectar and forage, larvae are vandalized pests in homes, warehouses and museums. They feed on animal derivatives such as wool, silk, leather, fur, hair bristles, pet hair, feathers and museum exhibits. Hidden sites often infect and may feed on more types of weaving compared to clothing moth, leaving behind spots of litter and brown, vacuum skins that appear fragile. Their colonization of premises is difficult to manage and is based on removal and sterilization wherever possible, resorting to pesticides where necessary. Beetles can come by flying from outside and larvae can live on offspring fractures, dust, and inside vacuum cleaner bags. In warehouses and museums, pumpkin fisheries using suitable pheromones can be used to identify problems, heating, freezing, reprimanding surfaces with insecticides, steam sterilization can kill insects when applied appropriately. Vulnerable items can be protected from attack by keeping them in clean, sealed portfolios. [8]

In Flight Stands

Birds are high-profile threats to aircraft, but it is difficult to keep them away from airports. I studied several ways. By feeding them a taste containing dizzy substances, birds’ taste can be reduced at airports by reducing the number of earthworms and other invertebrates by treating the soil. Leaving the grass long at airports rather than in its part also helps to expel birds. Acoustic networks are being piloted: they produce sounds that birds find confusing and appear to be effective in keeping birds away from affected areas.

Recommendations and legislation

Justice

Recommendations and legislation on the use of permitted methods of application of pesticides and chemicals and their storage requirements vary from State to State. Each state’s legislation is often specific to a particular region.

Public pest control methods

Natural Control

Factors that destroy or limit the spread of the scourge without human interference include:

Nutritional factors: such as lack of food due to drought or lack of breadwinner.

Weather factors: high or low heat, humidity and irrigation 

Human beings apply this type of control if natural control fails to perform its role. One of the most important types of control is:

Agricultural Roads

Processing and servicing agricultural land reduces insect larvae by exposing them to the heat of the sun, birds and vital enemies. Plowing also helps to get rid of some harmful weed species from agricultural land and the use of an organized and coordinated agricultural cycle helps to reduce the proliferation of certain harmful insect species, Fertilization, irrigation regulation and the use of modern methods in these areas and to reduce the damage of certain insect pests,

Mechanical Control

It is the use of effective methods to reduce the prevalence of insect pests, such as the introduction of a metal wire into tunnels where cider digger larvae live. These methods depend on the availability of labour. If labour is available for low pay, farmers will be able to apply mechanical control to avoid and eliminate agricultural pests.

Vital Control

Vital control is the use of vital enemies of certain insects to weaken them and reduce their numbers in agricultural areas pesticides “, such as fungal and bacterial pathogens that infect and kill harmful insects and may in some cases weaken them or make them more vulnerable to chemical pesticides, At the same time, man’s use of chemical pesticides is one of the most important reasons for the low prevalence of vital enemies of some insects in agricultural areas. The conversion of forests into agricultural zones has led to insect residential areas free of vital enemies.

Combating by legislative means

Many States have enacted special laws and legislation for agricultural workers and farmers in order to educate them to some extent on agricultural pests, as well as to apply laws on quarantine in the event of a pest spreading to help curb and respond to them.

Chemical Control

Insecticides are natural or manufactured chemicals that have the potential to kill pests with few concentrations. Humans use this method if the rest of the natural or applied methods do not succeed in addressing the insect pest, and if the insect’s numerical density exceeds the critical economic limit, any increase in the insecticide.

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